History of negotiations

1967 – Security Council Resolution 242. United Nations. Passed five months after Israel took control of the West Bank in the Six Day War of 1967. The resolution called for Israeli withdrawal from the territories occupied during the war, in exchange for “termination of all claims or states of belligerency” and “acknowledgement of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area”. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) rejected the resolution.

1978 – Camp David Accord. Menachem Begin. Anwar Sadat. Jimmy Carter. This historic agreement ended hostilities between Egypt and Israel, but left the Palestinian question unresolved.

1991-93 Madrid. Co-sponsored by the US and the Soviet Union. Sought to negotiate peace agreements with Israel and other Arab nations including Jordan, Lebannon and Syria.

1993 – Oslo Agreement. Yasser Arafat. Yitzhak Rabin. Bill Clinton. The bypproduct of secret meetings between Israeli and Palestinian negotiaors in Norway. The result was the 1993 Oslo Peace Accord, achieving mutual recognition between Israel and the PLO.

1995 – Oslo II. Arafat. Rabin. Clinton. Israeli withdrawal from six largest cities in the West Bank. Established the provisions under which the West Bank was divided into three jursdictions: one under exclusive Palestinian control; one with Palestinian civil control but Israeli security control; and another area under total Israeli control.

1997 – Hebron agreement. Israel transfers control of most of Hebron to Palestinian Authority.
1998 – Wye River Memorandum. Arafat, Benjamin Netanyahu, Clinton. After extended stalement, both sides agreed to a limited range of concessions.

2000 – Camp David Summit. Ehud Barak. Arafat. Clinton. Barak territorial compromise offer rejected by Arafat.

2001 – Taba Summit. Final attempt by Clinton to reach an agreement.

2002 – Arab Peace Initiaitve. Saudi peace plan.

2003 – Road Map. Drawn up by “Quartet” — the US, Russia, EU and UN. Sketches approach to achieving a final settlement.

2007 – Annapolis. Mahmoud Abbas. Ehud Olmert. Peace conference hosted by Bush, included Quarter and Arab countries. A process was initiated, but the sides were uanble to reach an agreement, despite territorial various territorial compromise plans.

2010 – Direct Talks. Abbas, Netanyahu. Obama. Prelude was 10-month settlement freeze agreed to by Netanyahu in early stage of Obama administratino. Pursued by Sec. of State Hilary Clinton, the aim of the unsuccessful talks was to forge the framework of a final agreement within one year.

2013–14 Kerry Initiative. Abbas. Netanyahu. Sec. of State Kerry’s shuttle diplomacy seeking to resume a meaningful process.